Excuses! 26th Sunday in Ordinary Time
Sermon by Emmanuel Suntheni OSB – Twenty-Sixth Sunday In Ordinary Time – Year A
Sermon And Christian Act In The Word
Theme: Excuses! Do I make excuses to avoid the work of God?
Point of Reflection: Do I habitually blame others for my mistakes and failures? What kind of excuses do I give for not doing the Word of God or for not reading the Word of God and finding time for my personal prayer?
This Sunday’s liturgy of the word calls attention to the use of excuses in order to justify one’s actions, attitudes and beliefs which go contrary to God’s will and contradict his purposes.
First Reading: Ezekiel 18:25–28
Psalm: Psalm 25:4–9
Second Reading: Philippians 2:1–11
Gospel: Matthew 21:28–32
Sermon (Reflection): Today’s readings emphasise the importance of not allowing one’s own views and purposes to obscure God’s intentions. Ezekiel’s fellow exiles were so self-defensive that they refused to accept any responsibility for the disasters that had befallen them, blaming instead their ancestors, and God’s injustice for their fate. St Paul carefully reminded the Philippians that they have no excuses for perpetuating the self-interested and selfish attitudes which divided their community. Their teacher and Lord, Jesus, could have remained in the divine state, safe from any pain or danger. Yet, without looking for any excuse, he sacrificed himself for their salvation.
The prophet Ezekiel, like his contemporary, Jeremiah, lived through a time of tremendous turmoil that led to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple. Ezekiel found himself in exile in a faraway country, Babylonia, together with many other Israelites. Understandably, the exiles tried to understand the reasons for such utter destruction of the-once-glorious city and for their own tragic fate. They were asking how the faithful God of Israel could allow such a disaster to happen to his city and his people. Sometimes in our Christian life, we find ourselves in exiles and we wonder why this is happening to me! Keep the faith and trust in God. Never give excuses but trust the Lord.
In the second reading of today St Paul addresses the Philippian community which he himself founded. There were relatively few problems among its members, and the apostle enjoyed a trouble-free relationship with them. Still, the Christians in Philippi struggled with selfish ambitions and pride, which led to quarrels, divisions and disunity. Paul reacted to these problems in two ways. First, he made a personal appeal that they should consider others with humility, and show concern in seeking the best interest of one another. Second, he eliminated any possibility of finding excuses for acting selfishly and in self-interest, by appealing to the highest authority, thus, Christ himself. As Christians, we can ask ourselves, how many times do we give excuses to compromise God’s work?
In the first lines of the hymn in the New Testament, Paul writes that Christ “did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited”. In these words, Paul emphasises that Christ neither held on to his superior position, nor took it for granted for granted, nor looked for excuses to retain it. On the contrary, he willingly accepted the difficult and painful mission on earth, having in mind the good of humanity. His sacrifice brought salvation and led to his subsequent exaltation by the Father. Had Jesus looked for excuses to avoid this mission he would not have suffered, but he would not have become the saviour either.
In the passage preceding the parable of two sons contained in today’s Gospel, the Jewish leaders challenged Jesus about the source of his authority. Their intentions were insincere because, envious of his wisdom, power and influence, the leaders were looking for an opportunity to accuse Jesus of wrongdoing and discredit him. Jesus responded by revealing their true intentions using a story of two sons who were asked by their father to work in a vineyard. The first son initially refused his father’s request, but, upon reflection, he realised his error and did what the father asked. The second son was insincere from the beginning to the end. While pretending to obey the father’s wishes, he had no intention of fulfilling them and hid his insincerity by a lie. There could be no doubt that only the first son did his father’s will, as Jesus’ opponents themselves confirmed.
Next, Jesus used the parable against his opponents revealing their insincerity, similar to that of the disobedient son. First, the leaders refused to believe John the Baptist and respond to his message. Similarly, when Jesus came behaving differently from John and with a different message, they also refused to accept him, even though they saw the good fruits his ministry bore. Their refusal resulted from jealousy, which led them to find excuses for not accepting either of God’s heralds.
The excuses the leaders used to reject both John the Baptist and Jesus are plainly revealed in Matthew 11:16-19. The leaders made up their minds and found reasons to act in a way that suited their views and serve their purposes. Their attitude differed drastically from that of the sinners, who recognised and acknowledged the errors of their ways, and did not look for excuses to continue in their sins. As a result, they were able to repent, while the leaders continued in their stubborn rejection of the Messiah.
Christian Act in Word of God “Excuses”
This Sunday’s liturgy of the Word admonishes us to reflect on our tendency to find excuses, and blame others for our own mistakes, failures and sins.
This tendency comes very naturally to us and was first seen in the story of Adam and Eve. In many traditional cultures, the elders, leaders and statesmen are held as upright and morally outstanding members in the community. When an elder makes a mistake, he or she will not admit it but rather lays blame on a younger person, or on someone else. The same is true of modern societies where politicians create an image of inerrancy and would never admit their own faults or mistakes.
Yet, the first reading and the Gospel teach us to admit our limitedness and accept responsibility for our actions. To be able to do so, we must first change our minds and hearts. We often give excuses because of fear of embarrassment and criticism. When made aware of our limitedness, failures, lack of responsibility and mistakes, we feel shame and loss of self-confidence, which leads us to blame the circumstances or others, in order to save face. For instance, in the family, when things go wrong, the husband blames the wife, the wife blames the children, the children blame the cat, and so on. As Christians, we must be courageous enough to accept our mistakes and failures and have the courage to admit and apologize for them.
In fact, such honest and open acknowledgement of mistakes and failures leads others to see us as mature and responsible people, while making excuses leads to a loss of credibility in the eyes of others. When people discover that we are not brave enough to be held accountable, they will stop trusting us, knowing that we are neither dependable nor reliable. Ironically, by trying to save face we lose it.
Excuses also make life fruitless and prevent personal growth and development. As Christians, we must not let the habit of finding excuses take root in us because then we will never be able to progress in life. Excuses appear particularly at times and in situations which are difficult or require effort. Today, many search for effortless and easy success. This leads to stealing, corruption, cheating and moral compromises. Yet, true success is achieved through serious and consistent efforts which require discipline and sacrifice. Faced with such demands we often find excuses for not doing what is required.
Our laziness and desire for comfort produce countless excuses for not doing what is demanding and challenging. Yet, experience shows, again and again, that the easy path and dishonest shortcuts never lead to the success that will last.
In life, we often blame others, such as teachers, employees, parents or leaders, for what goes wrong in our lives. It is always somebody else’s fault and never my own. Yet, by blaming others we stubbornly refuse to examine ourselves and, as a result, we fail to improve ourselves. If it is always someone else’s fault, it means that I am faultless and do not need to change anything about me and my behaviours. Such attitudes will, inevitably, result in repeating the same mistakes over and over again, because we will identify and change only what causes us to fail.
Acknowledging one’s mistakes and not blaming others for our failures is, therefore, essential and necessary for us to grow and develop as human beings. It is also necessary in order to discern and follow the will of God for our lives, because often God speaks to us in the midst of our faults and failures. If we do not freely admit them, then we will also miss the lesson from God.
Action: I make a personal commitment to God that, in the course of this week, I will not be looking for excuses for my shortcomings and mistakes.
Prayer: Our loving Father, your ways are fair and just. You always instruct us to walk your path and teach us to accept and admit our sins and failures. Help us to be mindful of our actions and recognise you Lord as a merciful Lord. Lead us into what is right and teach us to be humble like your Son Jesus Christ. We ask this through Christ our Lord who live and reigns with you, one God forever and ever, Amen.
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